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Weitzenhoffer Firearms Gallery

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Weitzenhoffer Fine Arms Gallery

The Weitzenhoffer Gallery of Fine American Firearms presents a focused survey of the mechanical and decorative arts as applied to domestic arms during the second half of the 19th century. Sponsored by Ackerman McQueen, this richly furnished exhibit space encompasses nearly 1,000 square feet.

The Weitzenhoffer Gallery displays and interprets some 100 firearms as functional sculpture, focusing on factors such as design, rarity, deluxe features, embellishment and overall condition. Prominent in this exhibit are the products of the Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company, the premiere marque among 19th-century American gun makers. Other famous domestic manufacturers and their products include Remington, Smith & Wesson, Sharps, Winchester, Marlin and Parker Brothers.

More Information About the Gallery  

In April of 2002 the National Cowboy and Western Heritage Museum formally dedicated its latest permanent exhibition -- The Weitzenhoffer Gallery of Fine American Firearms. Housing the magnanimous gift of Mr. A. Max Weitzenhoffer of Norman, Oklahoma, the new installation presents a focused survey of the mechanical and decorative arts as embodied in domestic arms produced during the Victorian Era. This distinguished collection marks a major acquisition for the museum that both broadens and enriches its interpretive and educational programming.

Funded and endowed through the generosity of Ackerman McQueen of Oklahoma City, the 1,000-square-foot presentation is appropriately located within the museum's fine art galleries. Lavish walnut casework and rich interior fabrics evoke the atmosphere of a late-19th-century gentleman's study, while each firearm is custom-mounted and discretely illuminated with fiber optic lighting. Area text panels and descriptive labels, accompanied by selected period graphics, provide interpretive context and detailed information throughout the presentation.

The Weitzenhoffer Gallery displays and interprets nearly 110 firearms as "functional sculpture," focusing on factors such as design and manufacturing technology, deluxe features, embellishment, rarity and condition. Prominent are the products of Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company, the premiere marque among 19th-century American gun makers. Other domestic manufacturers, including Remington, Sharps, Smith & Wesson, Winchester, Parker Brothers and Marlin, are interpreted in a comparative manner. All these firms relied on exclusive, patent-protected designs to secure their particular niche in the marketplace. And these patent arms reflected technological advances both in themselves, and in their innovative methods of production.

Between 1830 and 1870, firearms technology advanced from muzzle-loading, single-shot weapons employing percussion ignition, to ingenious breech-loading and repeating arms using dependable metallic cartridges. This rapid evolution in design and function coincided with a virtual revolution in the means and methods of industrial production. Initiated and perfected among domestic arms makers, this "American System of Manufacturing" relied on specialized machinery, precision tooling and gauging, and mass-production principles like the uniformity of constituent parts and the division of labor among trained mechanics rather than artisan gunsmiths.

Employing this "system," American arms makers produced hundreds of thousands of machine-made firearms that often rivaled traditional European standards of craftsmanship while at the same time providing greater mechanical ingenuity and superior firepower. And, during this same revolutionary period, most domestic companies also competed with their European cousins in fashioning elegantly ornamented arms displaying the special skills of master polishers, platers, engravers and inlayers of steel; and expert checkers and carvers of rare woods, ivory and pearl.

In doing so, they established a unique benchmark of technological and artistic excellence that added a luxurious, Old World refinement to the mechanical intricacy and machine-made uniformity of late-19th-century American arms. This melding of technical and aesthetic traits, when combined with a multitude of rich historic associations, make the Weitzenhoffer Gallery worthy of thoughtful study and appreciation.

Colt Firearms

Samuel Colt (1814-1862) created an industrial empire founded on revolving-cylinder, repeating firearms. These innovative guns had a significant influence on 19th-century American history, manufacturing technology and the applied decorative arts. From the first Paterson pistols that acquired fame with the Texas Rangers, to the ubiquitous Single Action Army revolver that "won the West," the Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company produced many of the weapons that aided American expansion and sustained U.S. sovereignty.

Colt was quick to adopt sophisticated, labor-saving machines and advanced production methods in order to attain uniformly high quality at the lowest possible cost. His application in the 1850s of machine-based fabrication clearly demonstrated that, rather than diminishing the technical excellence and artisanry of firearms, the "American System" actually raised uniform quality and increased the percentage of unit cost that could be devoted to fine fitting and superior finish.

As the consummate entrepreneur, Colt was among the first to promote his products with specially cased and embellished presentation pieces. Beginning in the early 1850s, the company retained a skilled group of talented artisans capable of transforming the utilitarian firearm into a lavishly finished objet d'art. Presentations to influential personalities in American society made Colonel Colt's custom firearms symbols of celebrity throughout the Victorian Era.

Remington Firearms

Much like the Colt firm, E. Remington & Sons and the later Remington Arms Company of Ilion, New York, produced machine-made arms of remarkable uniformity and high quality. Established in 1816 as a gun-barrel-making enterprise, the firm began mass-producing entire firearms around 1850. With the expiration of Colt's master patent in 1857, Remington began manufacturing revolving cylinder handguns and soon became Colt's principal competitor in that field.

The New York firm, however, never emphasized the availability of presentation and special-order guns to the extent that Colt's did. Thus, extras like custom casing, fine engraving and special finishes (with the exception of nickel plating) are considerably rarer in Remington arms. During the late-19th century, the company became widely recognized for its extensive production of rugged, single-shot, sporting and target rifles employing the famed Rider "rolling block" and Hepburn "falling block" breech-actions.

Sharps Firearms

Among the more prolific and ingenious American firearms designers of the mid-19th century, Christian Sharps remains best known for developing the first truly practical, single-shot, breech-loading system for long arms. This amazingly robust, lever-actuated, falling-block design was patented in 1848 and made over several decades by Robbins and Lawrence of Windsor, Vermont (1851-1855), the Sharps Rifle Manufacturing Company of Hartford, Connecticut (1855-1874), and the Sharps Rifle Company of Bridgeport, Connecticut (1874-1881).

The percussion pattern won many devotees on the ante-bellum frontier and served with renown throughout the American Civil War. However, it was the later, Model 1874 and Model 1878 Borchardt, metallic-cartridge sporting and target rifles (often outfitted with refined sights and special triggers) that attained lasting acclaim for Sharps on the buffalo ranges of the Great Plains, and on the more formal target ranges of Great Britain, Ireland and the United States.

Smith & Wesson Firearms

In 1856, Horace Smith and Daniel B. Wesson established a partnership at Springfield, Massachusetts, for the manufacture of revolvers employing self-contained metallic cartridges in combination with cylinders with bored-through chambers. This revolutionary design technology quickly dominated American revolver production, and it initiated the series of Smith & Wesson handguns that continues to this day.

Earliest were the small and medium-frame, "tip-up" patterns, which won favor as personal sidearms during the Civil War. More significant were the large-frame, "top-break" American and Russian designs introduced during the 1870s, which won military contracts throughout the world and wide acceptance in the frontier West. Although the firm retained master-engraver Gustave Young for many years, Smith & Wesson created far fewer embellished firearms than did Colt's.

Winchester Firearms

Not unlike the Colt establishment, the Winchester Repeating Arms Company of New Haven, Connecticut, operated as a center of excellence in American firearms manufacturing during the second half of the 19th century. The business built its early success on a series of exclusive patent designs (Hunt, Jennings, Smith & Wesson, Henry and King) for a lever-actuated repeating rifle having a tubular magazine beneath the barrel. The models of 1866, 1873, 1876 and 1886 attained widespread acclaim in the American West.

Merging mechanical ingenuity with harmonious form and line, these mass-produced arms could be acquired with a broad assortment of deluxe enhancements in applied finishes, stockwork and metalwork. Like the Colt product line, Winchester maintained an elite cadre of skilled artisans to embellish custom guns for its more discriminating clientele, as well as for its own presentation and exhibition pieces. By the mid-1890s, through its valuable association with genius gun-designer John M. Browning, the Winchester company dominated the domestic long arms market.

Parker Brothers Firearms

Charles Parker established Parker Brothers Gun Works of Meriden, Connecticut, in 1867 for the production of shotguns of superior design and quality. Often referred to as "America's finest shotguns," the company's products combined excellent design and precision machining with painstaking hand-craftsmanship in fitting, finishing and embellishment. These breech-loading, double-barreled, smooth-bore guns were truly implements of functional elegance.

Well-balanced, sleek and graceful in form and line, Parker shotguns could be purchased in a wide variety of gradations depending on the quality and figure of their walnut stocking and Damascus barrels, as well as on the extent and refinement of their hand-cut checkering and engraving. By 1900, with nearly 100,000 of its arms in the field, Parker Brothers had established itself as the leading name in "best quality" domestic shotguns.

Marlin Firearms

Originally an employee of the Colt firm, John M. Marlin founded his own arms business at New Haven, Connecticut, in 1863. Initially, the enterprise made deringers and small pocket revolvers, as well as the popular, Ballard patent rifle. In 1881, however, the firm reorganized as the Marlin Fire Arms Company and introduced the first in a long series of lever-action repeating rifles for which it became famous.

Utilizing the patents of Andrew Burgess, Lewis Hepburn and others, Marlin produced sporting rifles that vied with, and sometimes excelled, Winchester's famed long arms. Much like its larger rival, the company established a well-deserved reputation for dependable excellence in firearms manufacture, and, like Winchester, it offered a broad array of custom-order and deluxe extras in triggers, sights, barrel configurations, stock gradations, engraving and checkering.

Text by Richard Rattenbury

Selected Gallery Images  

2001.46.001 Muzzle-loading Percussion Revolver
Colt-Paterson Belt Model No. 3,
circa 1837-1840
Patent Arms Manufacturing Company, Paterson, NJ
Caliber .31 Rifled Bore
Weitzenhoffer Collection, 2001.46.001

Fewer than 500 No.3 Belt Model revolvers were manufactured before the Patent Arms Company went out of business. Still in excellent to new condition, this example features a blued barrel, cylinder and recoil shield; a casehardened hammer, frame and gripstraps; and a one-piece grip of figured, varnished walnut. Merging a measure of machine-production with extensive handwork, Paterson revolving firearms set a high standard for quality and finish even in the late 1830s. They rank among the most sought-after arms by Colt collectors and connoisseurs.

2001.46.024 A&B Muzzle-loading Percussion Revolvers
Colt Model 1860 Army, 1860-1873
Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Co., Hartford, CT
Caliber .44 Rifled Bore
Weitzenhoffer Collection, 2001.46.024 A&B

This cased pair of inscribed, presentation revolvers represents a significant rarity in Colt production. Manufactured in 1862, the revolvers were purchased by the men of the Hartford City Guard and presented to an admired Civil War officer. Both guns carry factory-engraved backstrap inscriptions:
Lieut. John H. Burnham, Adjt. 16th Regt. C.V.
From Hartford City Guard

In fine condition, the weapons display considerable casehardened color, nearly complete silver plating and varnish, and quite crisp naval battle scenes roll-engraved on the cylinders. The large mahogany casing, lined in burgundy velvet, houses a "stand-of-arms" flask, steel bullet mold, cap tins and packets of combustible cartridges.

2001.46.025 Muzzle-loading Percussion Revolver
Colt Model 1861 Navy, 1861-1873
Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Co., Hartford, CT
Caliber .36 Rifled Bore
Weitzenhoffer Collection, 2001.46.025

Combining sleek design and excellent balance, the Model 1861 Navy is perhaps the most gracefully styled of all Colt revolvers in scale and line. This specimen ranks among the finest known examples, retaining excellent to mint condition with 95 percent blued finish, 98 percent vibrant casehardened coloring, 100 percent varnish on the walnut grips, and an unusually sharp cylinder-roll scene. Exported to England, the piece carries British proof stamps, and is housed in a compartmented, London oak casing with a Colt's Patent Fire-Arms Mfg. Co., Pall Mall, London trade label in the lid. With the gun are a bag-type powder flask and other loading accessories.

2001.46.037 Breech-loading Cartridge Revolver
Colt Model 1873 Single Action Army, 1872-1940
Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Co., Hartford, CT
Caliber .44 Winchester Centerfire
Weitzenhoffer Collection, 2001.46.037

An icon of the frontier West, the Single Action Army revolver is among the most famous and sought-after of all Colt firearms. This superb example, factory-engraved by Cuno Helfricht in 1891, displays broad coverage in an elegant, foliate-scroll pattern over a stippled background. (Between 1872 and 1900, less than one percent of all Colt Single Action Army production was engraved by the factory.) The revolver also is fitted with special-order, mother-of-pearl grips fashioned in Helfricht's shop, and finished in full nickel plating.

2001.46.059 Breech-loading Cartridge Rifle
Colt Model 1878 Double Barrel Sporting, 1878-1879
Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Co., Hartford, CT
Caliber .45-70 Government Centerfire
Weitzenhoffer Collection, 2001.46.059

The inspiration of Caldwell Colt (arms enthusiast, sportsman and son of Samuel Colt), fewer than 40 double rifles were produced. The rifle pattern was based on Colt's Model 1878 double-barreled shotgun, and was intended to rival the "best quality" sporting guns fabricated in England. This specimen features standard, hand-cut border engraving and fine checkering over the forend and pistol grip. The blued steel barrels are rifled in opposite directions for a close point of impact at 100 yards. An adjustable, folding peep sight is mounted at the wrist. Because of their very limited production, double rifles are among the supreme rarities in Colt collecting.

2001.46.057 Breech-loading Cartridge Revolver
Colt New Service Flattop Target Model, 1898-1944
Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Co., Hartford, CT Caliber .45 Long Colt Centerfire
Weitzenhoffer Collection, 2001.46.057

Although demand for embellished Colts declined during the early 20th century, the Hartford firm still maintained a master engraver to fulfill its special orders. This lavishly finished, New Service revolver highlights the talents of factory-engraver Wilbur A. Glahn. His execution, which features an extensive floral-scroll motif over the barrel, frame and cylinder, is set off with a nickel-plated finish and hand-checkered walnut grips inset with rampant colt medallions. Typical of the target variant, the piece also incorporates hand-cut checkering on the backstrap, trigger guard strap and trigger.

2001.67.6 Breech-loading Cartridge Rifle
Remington No. 1 Rolling Block Sporting, 1868-1888
E. Remington & Sons, Ilion, NY
Caliber .38 Extra Long Centerfire
Weitzenhoffer Collection, 2001.67.6

Combining the patents of Leonard Geiger and Joseph Rider for a sem-circular, rotating breechblock interlocked with the hammer, the famous Remington Rolling Block system was among the simplest and strongest single-shot actions ever devised. It won widespread military acclaim and became a favorite of American sportsmen and long and mid-range target shooters. This example, which exhibits near-mint condition throughout, is a standard grade with plain walnut stocks; blued, full-octagon barrel; and color-casehardened frame, forend tip and buttplate.

2001.67.5 Breech-loading Cartridge Rifle
Remington-Hepburn No. 3 Match, 1882-1903
E. Remington & Sons, Ilion, NY
Caliber .38-55 Winchester Centerfire
Weitzenhoffer Collection, 2001.67.5

Designed by Lewis Hepburn, the No. 3 Remington rifle employed a unique side-lever, falling-block action that could accommodate a wide range of medium and high-powered cartridges. Fewer than 1,000 of the Match variation were made for medium-range target competition. This specimen features exquisite scroll engraving by L.D. Nimschke over the frame and screwheads; finely checkered, deluxe walnut stocks; half-round/half-octagon barrel, double set triggers and special sights. The gun retains near mint condition.

2001.67.7 Breech-loading Cartridge Rifle
Sharps-Borchardt Model 1878 Mid-Range, 1878-1880
Sharps Rifle Co., Bridgeport, CT
Caliber .40-70 Sharps Necked Centerfire
Weitzenhoffer Collection, 2001.67.7

Designed by German emigrant Hugo Borchardt, the hammerless, falling-block system of the Model 1878 Sharps rifle was the definitive development of the single-shot action in 19th-century America. A favorite of precision target shooters, some 450 were finished as custom, long-range and mid-range rifles for match competition. This mid-range rifle has a heavy-weight, round barrel with a wind-gauge, spirit-level front sight and a patented, Sharps Mid-Range vernier peep sight mounted at the wrist. Still in nearly new condition, the piece is finished with finely checkered, select walnut stocking featuring a shotgun butt, pistol grip and schnable forend.

2001.46.082 Breech-loading Cartridge Revolver
Smith & Wesson New Model No. 3, 1878-1898
Smith & Wesson, Springfield, MA
Caliber .44 S&W Russian Centerfire
Weitzenhoffer Collection, 2001.46.082

The New Model No. 3 enjoyed the longest production run of any Smith & Wesson large-frame, single-action revolver. In the late 1880s, a few standard .44-caliber revolvers--like this specimen--were outfitted by the factory for competitive target shooting. This revolver features a rear sight adjustable for windage; a Paine-type bead-front sight; and a special-order, hand-checkered finger spur fitted on the trigger guard. In excellent condition, the piece is nickel-plated and fitted with monogrammed, rococo-style grips of cast silver.

2001.46.064 Breech-loading Cartridge Pistol
Volcanic Navy Model, 1855-1857
Volcanic Repeating Arms Co., New Haven, CT
Caliber .41 Self-Consuming Projectile
Weitzenhoffer Collection, 2001.46.064

A predecessor of the Winchester repeating rifle, this unusual handgun incorporated a lever-actuated breech mechanism with an integral, tubular magazine beneath the barrel. It fired special, self-consuming ammunition consisting of a conical bullet containing its own powder charge and primer. This deluxe, ivory-stocked, silver-plated and engraved pistol is virtually identical to the deluxe pair that belonged to company president Oliver Winchester. The frame presents broad, relatively open, acanthus-style scrollwork emphasized with a delicately crosshatched, or matte, background.

2001.46.066 Breech-loading Cartridge Rifle
Winchester Model 1866 Sporting, 1866-1898
Winchester Repeating Arms Co., New Haven, CT
Caliber .44 Henry Flat Rimfire
Weitzenhoffer Collection, 2001.46.066

Although the Ulrich brothers (Conrad, Herman and John) are the best-known engravers of deluxe, 19th-century Winchesters, equally exquisite ornamentation came from the bench of free-lance artisan Louis D. Nimschke of New York City. Among his finest work, the gold-plated frame, forend cap and buttplate of this piece display crisp, relatively dense, yet flowing scrollwork over a punched-dot ground. The left frame bears a superbly rendered panel scene of a stag pursued by a hound--a motif used by Nimschke on several Model 1866 rifles. Unlike most artisans of his era, Nimschke often signed his work--here with the tiny initials L.D.N. in a crossed riband on the bottom of the frame, and LDN below the hound in the panel scene.

2001.46.068 Breech-loading Cartridge Rifle
Winchester Model 1873 "1 of 1000" Sporting, 1873-1919
Winchester Repeating Arms Co., New Haven, CT
Caliber .44 Winchester Centerfire
Weitzenhoffer Collection, 2001.46.068

Among the ultimate Winchester rarities, this rifle is one of a very select group singled out for its accuracy and embellished by the factory. The company's 1875 trade catalog stated: All of those barrels...found to make targets of extra merit will be made up into guns with set-triggers and extra finish, marked "one of a thousand," and sold at $100. Made in 1876, the barrel of this piece features fine scroll engraving and inlaid silver bands at the muzzle and breech, with One of One Thousand hand-engraved on the top flat. (Only 133 of 720,000 Model 1873s were so marked.) The rifle features the prescribed, single-set trigger; an adjustable peep sight at the wrist; and deluxe, xxxx-grade, walnut stocking neatly checkered at wrist and forend.

2001.67.3 Breech-loading Cartridge Rifle
Winchester Model 1885 High-Wall Target, 1885-1920
Winchester Repeating Arms Co., New Haven, CT
Caliber .32-40 Winchester Centerfire
Weitzenhoffer Collection, 2001.67.3

Originally conceived by Utah arms designer John M. Browning, the Model 1885 became the most popular single-shot rifle of the late-19th and early-20th centuries. This target variation features an adjustable, hooded wind-gauge front sight in combination with a mid-range, vernier peep sight mounted at the wrist. Additional special-order and deluxe appointments include a half-round/half-octagon barrel; select, crotch-grained walnut stocks checkered in Style H with pistol grip and cheekrest; and a nickeled, Swiss-pattern buttplate. Made in 1898, this rifle remains in nearly new condition with 99 percent bluing and vivid case-coloring.

2001.83 Breech-loading Cartridge Shotgun
Parker A Grade Double Barrel Sporting, 1875-1902
Parker Brothers Gun Co., Meriden, CT
12 Gauge Smoothbore
Weitzenhoffer Collection, 2001.83

The epitome of excellence in late 19th-century American arms, this Parker A-quality shotgun retailed for $300.00 in 1880. It boasts finely sculpted, relief-chiseled bolsters at the breech with distinctive "teardrops" at the sides; barrels of the most exquisitely patterned Damascus steel; superbly checkered stocking of select-grained Circassian walnut; silver-plated triggers; and a solid gold thumb shield inlet at the wrist of the stock. The frame, hammers, trigger guard and forend iron feature profuse, English-style scroll engraving incorporating meticulously executed hunting dogs and game birds. Only 63 such guns were produced.

2001.80.6 Breech-loading Cartridge Rifle
Marlin Model 1894 Sporting, 1894-1935
Marlin Fire Arms Co., New Haven, CT
Caliber .32-20 Winchester Centerfire
Weitzenhoffer Collection, 2001.80.6

Utilizing the patents of Lewis L. Hepburn, the Model 1894 Marlin had a short-action receiver that accommodated a variety of pistol-sized cartridges. This special-order specimen features a longer-than-standard, 30-inch full-octagon barrel; King's patent, Rocky Mountain rear and adjustable, Lyman-patent peep sights; and select, figured walnut stocking with the recurved pistol grip and forend hand-checkered in Style B (amounting to about $18.00 over the standard retail cost of $12.50 in 1900). The piece remains in fine condition with 90 percent bluing, 60 percent silver-gray and mottled casehardening, and 80 percent stock varnish.

Suggested Readings & Links  

The following materials are available for review in the Research Center.

TS533.3.C8B76 1989 Brophy, William S. Marlin Firearms: A History of the Guns and the Company that Made Them. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Books, [1989].

TS536.8.H57 1942 Browning. History of Browning Guns from 1831. Ogden, UT: J. M. & M. S. Browning Co., [1942].

TS535.C55 Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Co. Colt's 100th Anniversary Fire Arms Manual, 1836-1936. Hartford, CT: Colt's Patent Fire Arms Mfg. Co., [1937].

TS533.2.G36 1984 Garavaglia, Louis A and Worman, Charles G. Firearms of the American West. 1st ed. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, [1984-1985].

TS537.H34 1940 Haven, Charles T. and Belden, Frank A. A History of the Colt Revolver. New York: William Morrow and Company, [1940].

TS533.3.M4J56 Jinks, Roy G. History of Smith & Wesson: No Thing of Importance Will Come Without Effort. North Hollywood, CA: Beinfeld Pub. Co., [1977].

TS533.2.M37 1998 Marcot, Roy. Remington: "America's Oldest Gunmaker". Madison, NC: Primedia, [1998].

Dewey. The Parker Story. Knoxville: The Parker Story Joint Venture Group, [1998].

Dewey. Jinks, Roy G. Artistry in arms: the guns of Smith & Wesson. Springfield, MA: Smith & Wesson, [1991]

TS533.4.G7R67 1976 Rosa, Joseph G. Colonel Colt, London: The History of Colt's London Firearms, 1851-1857. London: Arms and Armour Press, [1976].

TS533.2.S45 1978 Sellers, Frank M. Sharps Firearms. 1st ed. North Hollywood, CA: Beinfeld Pub., [1978].

TS532.2.U6C62 1997 Stoddard, Simeon. The Guns of Remington: Historic Firearms Spanning Two Centuries. 1st ed. Dayton, KY: Biplane Productions, [1997].

UD395.W75 Williamson, Harold Francis. Winchester, the Gun that Won the West. Washington: Combat Forces Press, [1952].

TS533.2.W57 1991 Wilson, R. L. Winchester: An American Legend: Official History of Winchester Firearms and Ammunition from 1849 to the Present. New York: Random House, [1991].

TS533.2.W53 1985 Wilson, R. L. Colt, an American Legend: The Official History of Colt Firearms from 1836 to the Present. New York: Abbeville Press, [1985].

NK6520.W55 1995 Wilson, R. L. Steel Canvas: The Art of American Arms. New York: Random House, [1995].

NK6998.N5W5 1965 Wilson, R. L. L.D. Nimschke, Firearms Engraver. Teaneck, NJ: J.J. Malloy, [1965].

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